Modern grace: Lyrical forms from FinlandAlvar Aalto (1898–1976) made a unique modernist mark. Influenced by both the landscape and the political independence of his native Finland, he designed warm, curving, compassionate buildings, wholly set apart from the slick, mechanistic, geometric designs tha..
Life in the woods: Creative cabin architectureEver since Henry David Thoreau’s described his two years, two months, and two days of cabin existence at Walden Pond, Massachusetts in Walden, or, Life in the Woods (1854), the idea of a refuge dwelling has seduced the modern psyche. In the past decade, ..
Modernism to the masses: Pioneering designs for affordable postwar homesThe Case Study House program (1945–1966) was a unique event in the history of American architecture. Sponsored by Arts & Architecture magazine, the program sought to respond to the postwar building boom with prototype modern hom..
Less is more: Finding perfection in purityFamed for his motto “less is more,” Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886–1969) was one of the founding fathers of modern architecture and a hotly-debated tastemaker of twentieth century aesthetics and urban experience.Mies van der Rohe's philosophy was one of unde..
The A-Z of modern architecture: An unprecedented architecture encyclopediaUnlike most architecture encyclopedias, which tend to concentrate more on buildings and floor plans than on their designers, this tome puts the architects in the spotlight, profiling individuals so that readers can get a clear..
Landmarks: An impeccable blend of building and environmentIn the architecture of Richard Neutra (1892–1970), inside and outside find their perfect modernist harmony. As the Californian sun glints off sleek building surfaces, vast glass panel walls allow panoramic views over mountains, gardens, palm ..
Brazilian curves: A uniquely sensual modernism in Brasília and beyondUntil his death at age 104, Oscar Niemeyer (1907–2012) was something of an unstoppable architectural force. Over seven decades of work, he designed approximately 600 buildings, transforming skylines from Bab-Ezzouar, Algeria, to hi..
Lightness in glass and white: On the 50th anniversary of Richard Meier’s firm, a complete retrospectiveFrom his early days as one of the "New York Five," Richard Meier has been a central figure in contemporary architecture; this updated 2013 trade edition of the XL version is published in the occasi..
A duty to beauty: Building landmarks for Berlin and beyondWith an eye for detail as much as expanse, Karl Friedrich Schinkel (1781–1841) made his name as an architect and urban planner, a painter, and as a designer of both furniture and stage sets. His work was so admired by King Frederick William I..
Here today, gone tomorrow: Architecture on the moveAs economic problems make some shy away from grandiose, long-lasting buildings, a wave of new temporary buildings and architectural is sweeping over the planet. These can have uses from emergency relief to concert or performance venues. Another fasc..
Branching out: Childhood fantasy meets grown-up savoir faireThe idea of climbing a tree for shelter, or just to see the earth from another perspective, is surely as old as humanity. Tree houses are chronicled in ancient civilizations and their lore crosses through the history of every part of the wo..